Solid waste management in context of climate change

Monday - 17/07/2017 20:29
Vietnam is adjusting "National Strategy for Integrated Solid Waste Management to 2025, with a vision to 2050" in the direction of taking climate change into account in order to contribute to environmental protection and sustainable development.
Solid waste management in context of climate change

urning waste into a resource

In Vietnam, "National Strategy for Integrated Solid Waste Management to 2025, with a vision to 2050" has been implemented since 2009. After more than 8 years of implementation of the Strategy, the system of collection and transportation of solid waste has been expanded. Many concentrated solid waste treatment facilities have been built and put into operation, contributing to increase the effectiveness of solid waste management and reducing environmental pollution.

However, in the past time, in order to attract investment and development in the field of solid waste management, many legal documents, mechanisms, policies and institutions in the field have been adjusted and promulgated. That helps create an equal legal corridor for all economic sectors involved in solid waste management activities. For instance,  2014 Law on Construction; 2014 Law on Environmental Protection; 2015 Law on Fee and Charge. The Government also issued Decree No. 38/2015 / ND-CP dated April 24, 2015 on management of waste and scrap, Decree No. 19/2015 / ND-CP dated February 14, 2015 regulating a number of articles of the Law on Environmental Protection.

In particular, Vietnam is a country severely affected by climate change, while domestic solid waste is considered the main source of causing greenhouse gas (one of the reasons causing climate change). At present, in the world’s general tendency solid waste will be managed as a resource towards aiming to the goal of "zero waste". Accordingly, solid waste will be recycled so as to recover energy from waste by new and effective technologies such as landfill gas recovery, anaerobic digestion of gas generated electricity, incineration of electricity generation, gasification waste.

The National Strategy for Integrated Solid Waste Management to 2025, with a vision to 2050 will be revised with a view to adjust some indicators as well as tasks and solutions appropriate to the real situation in the stages of socio-economic development, especially taking into account the contents of climate change adaptation.

For instance, collection and treatment of 80-90% solid waste generation satisfying environmental standards, 90-95% of total industrial solid waste; collection and treatment of 95% daily-life solid waste in special and class I urban areas, 85% in other urban areas, 65-75% in rural areas.

By the year 2030, the rate of solid wast collection and treatment in special and class I cities will have reached to 95 - 100%, the remaining urban areas and rural areas will have been 90 - 95% and 75% - 80%, respectively. More than 95% of the total amount of common industrial solid waste will be collected, recycled, treated with appropriate technology satisfying environmental standards. By the year 2050, all generated solid waste will be collected, recycled and treated by advanced, environmentally friendly technologies.

Based on evaluating the results of the implementation of the 2009 Strategy, comments from ministries, agencies and localities will be received in order to improve the effectiveness of solid waste management and implement proposed targets. On the other hand, other relevant ministries will build data base of solid waste, plan masterplan for for integrated management of solid waste.


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